[1]郑美霞,刘玲.2011-2020年江西省自然灾害灾情时空特征分析[J].自然灾害学报,2022,31(02):233-241.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2022.0225]
 ZHENG Meixia,LIU Ling.Spatial-temporal distribution characteristics of natural disasters in Jiangxi Province from 2011 to 2020[J].,2022,31(02):233-241.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2022.0225]
点击复制

2011-2020年江西省自然灾害灾情时空特征分析
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
31
期数:
2022年02期
页码:
233-241
栏目:
出版日期:
2022-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatial-temporal distribution characteristics of natural disasters in Jiangxi Province from 2011 to 2020
作者:
郑美霞1 刘玲2
1. 江西省减灾备灾中心, 江西 南昌 330030;
2. 江西省气象灾害应急预警中心, 江西 南昌 330096
Author(s):
ZHENG Meixia1 LIU Ling2
1. Disaster Reduction Centre of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang 330030, China;
2. Meteorological Disaster Emergency Warning Center of Jiangxi, Nanchang 330096, China
关键词:
自然灾害灾情指标灾害损失时空分布
Keywords:
natural disasterdisaster loss indicatorlose from natural disasterspatial-temporal distribution
分类号:
X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2022.0225
摘要:
利用应急管理部门统计核定的2011-2020年江西省年度灾情数据,以及统计部门发布的社会经济统计数据,通过灾情指标选取、数据预处理、灾情指数构建和聚类分析,对江西省自然灾害损失和时空分布情况进行了分析。结果表明:江西是全国遭受自然灾害较为严重的省份之一;洪涝、风雹和干旱灾害是影响最为严重的灾害类型;受灾最严重的月份为6、7月份;江西省自然灾害灾情总体上呈现南北重、中部轻的空间分布格局。
Abstract:
Based on the annual disaster data of Jiangxi Province from 2011 to 2020 approved by the Department of Emergency Management and the social-economic statistical data released by the Department of Statistics,We analyze the disaster losses and spatio-temporal distribution of Jiangxi Province through the methods of disaster indicators selection,date preprocessing and disaster index construction-cluster analysis. The results show that:Jiangxi Province is one of the provinces suffering from serious natural disasters; Flood,hail and drought were the most severe disaster types. The worst disaster-hit months were June and July. Generally, the disasters in Jiangxi province was heavy in the north and south, and light in the middle.

参考文献/References:

[1] 尹衍雨, 王静爱, 雷永登, 等. 适应自然灾害的研究方法进展[J]. 地理科学进展, 2012,31(7):953-962. YIN Yanyu,WANG Jingai,LEI Yongdeng,et al. Progress on research methods of adaptation to natural disaster[J].Progress in Geography, 2012,31(7):953-962.(in Chinese)
[2] 张弛, 宋绪美, 李伟.可变模糊评价法在洪涝灾情评价中的应用[J].自然灾害学报, 2008,17(5):34-39. ZHANG Chi,SONG Xumei,LI Wei.Application of variable fuzzy assessment model to evaluation of flood and waterlogging disaster loss[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2008,17(5):34-39.(in Chinese)
[3] 徐冬梅, 陈守煜, 邱林.洪水灾害损失的可变模糊评价方法[J].自然灾害学报, 2010,19(4):158-162. XU Dongmei,CHEN Shouyu,QIU Lin.Variable fuzzy assessment method for flood disaster loss[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2010,19(4):158-162.(in Chinese)
[4] NOURANI V,MANO A. Semi-distributed flood runoff model at the subcontinental scale for southwestern Iran[J]. Hydrological Processes, 2007,21(23):3173-3180.
[5] NOURANI V,KISI,KOMASI M. Two hybrid artificial intelligence approaches for modeling rainfall-runoff process[J]. Journal of Hydrology,2011,402(1/2):41-59.
[6] SHARIFAN R A,ROSHAN A,AFLATONI M,et al. Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of SWMM model in computation of manhole water depth and subcatchment peak flood[J]. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,2010,2(6):7739-7740.
[7] SMITH A,MARTIN D,COCKINGS S. Spatio-Temporal population modelling for enhanced assessment of urban exposure to flood risk[J]. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy,2016,9(2):145-163.
[8] FEKETE A,TZAVELLA K,BAUMHAUER R. Spatial exposure aspects contributing to vulnerability and resilience assessments of urban critical infrastructure in a flood and blackout context[J]. Natural Hazards,2017,86(S1):151-176.
[9] 张会, 李铖, 程炯, 等. 基于"H-E-V" 框架的城市洪涝风险评估研究进展[J]. 地理科学进展, 2019,38(2):175-190. ZHANG Hui,LI Cheng,CHENG Jiong,et al. A review of urban flood risk assessment based on the framework of hazard-exposure-vulnerability[J]. Progress in Geography,2019,38(2):175-190.(in Chinese)
[10] 李超超, 田军仓, 申若竹. 洪涝灾害风险评估研究进展[J]. 灾害学, 2020,35(3):131-136. LI Chaochao,TIANJuncang,SHEN Ruozhu. Review on assessment of flood and waterlogging risk[J]. Journal of Catastrophology,2020,35(3):131-136.(in Chinese)
[11] 李芬, 于文金, 张建新, 等. 干旱灾害评估研究进展[J]. 地理科学进展, 2011,30(7):891-898. LI Fen,YU Wenjin,ZHANG Jianxin,et al. Review of drought disaster evaluation[J]. Progress in Geography,2011,30(7):891-898.(in Chinese)
[12] 刘晓冉, 康俊, 王颖, 等.基于GIS的重庆地区不同季节干旱灾害风险评估与区划[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2019,28(2):92-100. LIU Xiaoran, KANG Jun, WANG Ying, et al.Assessment and regionalization on drought disaster risk of different season in Chongqing area basedon GIS[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2019,28(2):92-100(. in Chinese)
[13] 龚娟, 何柳月, 王素芬. 基于模糊粗糙集模型的农业旱灾风险评估-以河套灌区为例[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2021,30(2):147-158. GONG Juan,HE Liuyue,WANG Sufen. Agricultural drought disaster risk assessment based on fuzzy rough set model Acase study of Hetao Irrigation District[J].Journal of Natural Disasters,2021,30(2):147-158.(in Chinese)
[14] 齐玉妍, 金学申. 基于历史地震史料记载的地震危险性分析方法[J]. 震灾防御技术, 2009,3(4):289-301. QI Yuyan,JIN Xueshen. Seismic hazard analysis based on historical earthquake records[J]. Technology for Earthquake Disaster Prevention, 2009,3(4):289-301.(in Chinese)
[15] 秦四清, 李培, 薛雷, 等. 地震区危险性等级确定方法[J]. 地球物理学进展, 2015,30(4):1653-1659. LI Siqing,LI Pei,XUE Lei,et al. The risk classification method of seismic zones[J]. Progress in Geophysics,2015,30(4):1653-1659.(in Chinese)
[16] 姚清林, 黄崇福. 地震灾害风险因素和风险评估指标的模糊算法[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2002,11(2):51-58. YAO Qinglin,HUANG Chongfu. Main factors influencing seismic disasters risk and a fuzzy algorithm for the risk evaluation index[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2002,11(2):51-58.(in Chinese)
[17] 李曼, 邹振华, 史培军, 等. 世界地震灾害风险评价[J]. 自然灾害学报, 2015,24(5):1-11. LI Man,ZOU Zhenhua,SHI Peijun,et al. World earthquake disaster risk assessment[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2015,24(5):1-11. (in Chinese)
[18] 郭红梅, 赵真, 张莹, 等. 四川道孚至川滇交界东部地区地震灾害风险特征分析与评估[J].自然灾害学报, 2021,30(2):208-216. GUO Hongmei,ZHAO Zhen,ZHANG Ying,et al. Analysis and evaluation of the characteristics of seismic disaster risk in the eastern region of Sichuan Daofu to Sichuan-Yunnan[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2021,30(2):208-216.(in Chinese)
[19] 雷小途, 陈佩燕, 杨玉华, 等. 中国台风灾情特征及其灾害客观评估方法[J]. 气象学报, 2009,67(5):875-883. LEI Xiaotu,CHEN Peiyan,YANG Yuhua,et al. Characters and objective assessment of disasters caused by typhoons in China[J].Acta Meteorologica Sinica,2009,67(5):875-883.(in Chinese)
[20] 王世金, 任贾文.国内外雪崩灾害研究综述[J].地理科学进展, 2012,31(11):1529-1536. WANG Shijin,REN Jiawen. A review of the progresses of avalanche hazards research[J]. Progress in Geography,2012,31(11):1529-1536. (in Chinese)
[21] 史培军, 李宁, 叶谦, 等. 全球环境变化与综合灾害风险防范研究[J].地球科学进展, 2009,24(4):428-435. SHI Peijun,LI Ning,YE Qian,et al. Research on global environmental change and integrated disaster risk governance[J].Advances in Earth Science,2009,24(4):428-435.(in Chinese)
[22] FORZIERI G,FEYEN L,RUSSO S,et al. Multi-hazard assessment in Europe under climate change[J]. Climatic Change,2016,137(1/2):105-119.
[23] 王静爱, 史培军, 王平, 等. 中国自然灾害时空格局[M].北京:科学出版社,2006. WANG Jingai,SHI Peijun,WANG Ping,et al. Spatial-Temporal Pattern of Natural Disasters in China[M].Beijing:Science Press,2006.(in Chinese)
[24] 王铮, 张丕远, 刘啸雷. 中国自然灾害的空间分布特征[J].地理学报, 1995,50(3):248-255. WANG Zheng,ZHANG Peiyuan,LIU Xiaolei. The spatial characteristics of natural disasters in China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica,1995,50(3):248-255.(in Chinese)
[25] CHEN L,VANWESTEN J C. Integrating expert opinion with modeling for quantitative multi-hazard risk assessment in the Eastem Italian Alps[J]. Geomorphology,2016,273(15):150-167.
[26] 卢颖, 侯云玥, 郭良杰, 等. 沿海城市多灾种耦合危险性评估的初步研究——以福建泉州为例[J].灾害学, 2015,30(1):211-216. LU Ying, HOU Yunyue, GUO Liangjie, et al. Preliminary study on integrated assessment for multi-hazard of coastal city:case study of Quanzhou, Fujian Province[J]. Journal of Catastrophology,2015,30(1):211-216.(in Chinese)
[27] 赵思健, 黄崇福, 郭树军. 情景驱动的区域自然灾害风险分析[J].自然灾害学报, 2012,21(1):9-17. ZHAO Sijie,HUANG Chongfu,GUO Shujun. Scenario-driven risk analysis of regional natural disasters[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2012, 21(1):9-17.(in Chinese)
[28] LOZOYA J P,SARD R,JIMNEZ J A. A methodological framework for multi-hazard risk assessment in beaches[J]. Environmental Science& Policy,2011,14(6):685-696.
[29] SILVA V,CROWLEY H,PAGANI M. Development of the open quake engine,the global earthquake model’s open-source software for seismic risk assessment[J]. Natural Hazards,2014,72(3):1-19.
[30] 王慧彦, 薛辉. 县域自然灾害综合风险区划图编制-以滦县为例[J].自然灾害学报, 2013,22(3):84-90. WANG Huiyan,XUE Hui. Drawing of natural disaster comprehensive risk zoning mao for county regions:a case study of Luanxian county[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2013,22(3):84-90.(in Chinese)
[31] 刘燕华.中国自然灾害灾情指标及区域特征探讨[J].中国减灾, 1994,4(2):29-34. LIU Yanhua.Discussion on natural disaster index and regional characteristics in China[J].Disaster Reduction in China,1994,4(2):29-34. (in Chinese)
[32] 刘燕华, 李鉅章, 赵跃龙.中国近期自然灾害程度的区域特征[J].地理研究, 1995,14(3):14-25. LIU Yanhua,LI Juzhang,ZHAO Yuelong. Regional characters of natural disaster in the last years in China[J]. Geographical Research,1995, 14(3):14-25.(in Chinese)
[33] 李祚泳, 杨怀金, 燕鹏.基于免疫进化算法优化的灾情评估指数公式及效果检验[J].高原气象, 2004,3(4):553-557. LI Zuoyong,YANG Huaijin,YAN Peng. Index formulae and verification of disaster evaluation based on the optimization of immune evolutionary algorithms[J]. Plateau Meteorology,2004,3(4):553-557.(in Chinese)
[34] 邱玉珺, 王静爱, 邹学勇.区域灾情评价模型[J].自然灾害学报, 2003,12(3):48-53. QIU Yujun,WANG Jingai,ZOU Xueyong.Regional disaster assessment model[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2003,12(3):48-53.(in Chinese)
[35] 袁艺. 2000-2007年省级区域自然灾害灾情分析[J].自然灾害学报, 2011,20(1):156-162. YUAN Yi. Analysis of regional disaster situation at provincial level from 2000 to 2007[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2011,20(1):156- 162.(in Chinese)
[36] 程立海, 唐宏, 周廷刚.自然灾害强度的评估方法及应用——基于综合灾情指数的研究[J].自然灾害学报, 2011,20(1):46-50. CHENG Lihai,TANG Hong,ZHOU Tinggang.Evaluation method of natural disaster intensity and its application:a research based on comprehensive disaster condition index[J]. Journal of Natural Disasters,2011,20(1):46-50.(in Chinese)
[37] 张鹏, 张云霞, 孙舟, 等.综合灾情指数——一种自然灾害损失的定量化评价方法[J].灾害学, 2015,30(4):74-78. ZHANG Peng,ZHANG Yunxia,SUN Zhou,et al. Natural disaster index:aquantitative measure for assessing natural disaster losses[J].Journal of Catastrophology,2015,30(4):74-78.(in Chinese)
[38] 廖永丰, 赵飞, 王志强, 等.2000-2011年中国自然灾害灾情空间分布格局分析[J].灾害学, 2013,28(4):55-60. LIAO Yongfeng,ZHAO Fei,WANG Zhiqiang,et al. Spatial pattern analysis of natural disasters in China from 2000 to 2011[J]. Journal of Catastrophology,2013,28(4):55-60.(in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]刘宝印,徐伟.长江三角洲地区人类生命体多自然灾害综合风险度评估[J].自然灾害学报,2012,21(03):056.
 LIU Baoyin,XU Wei.Comprehensive multi-risk assessment of natural hazards to human life in Yangtze River Delta region[J].,2012,21(02):056.
[2]陈冲影.权利分析视角下的农户灾后恢复分析——以甘肃省TP村地震灾害为例[J].自然灾害学报,2012,21(03):079.
 CHEN Chongying.Research on peasant households’ recovery process from perspective of entitlement analysis:based on earthquake disaster in TP Village of Gansu Province[J].,2012,21(02):079.
[3]李宁,周扬,张鹏,等.中国自然灾害应急法律体系的数量差异分析[J].自然灾害学报,2012,21(04):001.
 LI Ning,ZHOU Yang,ZHANG Peng,et al.Analysis of the quantity variance of the natural disaster emergency law system in China[J].,2012,21(02):001.
[4]李铁松,任德有.两宋时期自然灾害的文学记述与地理分布规律[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(01):026.
 LI Tie-song,REN De-you.Literary records and geographic distribution rule of natural disasters in Song Dynasty[J].,2010,19(02):026.
[5]左雄.自然灾害应急救援管理探讨——以重庆武隆山体垮塌应急救援为例[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(02):001.
 ZUO Xiong.Exploration of emergency rescue system management for natural disasters:a case study on landslide emergency rescue in Wulong,Chongqing[J].,2010,19(02):001.
[6]查轩,黄少燕,陈世发.退化红壤地土壤侵蚀与坡度坡向的关系——基于GIS的研究[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(02):032.
 ZHA Xuan,HUANG Shao-yan,CHEN Shi-fa.Relationship between erosion of degenerated red soil and terrain slope/aspect:a GIS-based research[J].,2010,19(02):032.
[7]石勇,孙蕾.上海沿海六区县自然灾害脆弱性评价[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(03):156.
 SHI Yong,SUN Lei.Assessment of vulnerability of six coastal districts in Shanghai to natural disasters[J].,2010,19(02):156.
[8]龚日朝,肖国安,周长锋.湖南省自然灾害损失变化趋势模型研究[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(05):069.
 GONG Ri-zhao,XIAO Guo-an,ZHOU Chang-feng.Trend model of natural disaster loss change in Hunan Province[J].,2010,19(02):069.
[9]张永利,张建平.基于Geodatabase的工程设施自然灾害案例库设计[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(01):006.
 ZHANG Yong-li,ZHANG Jian-ping.Design of natural disaster case library for engineering facilities based on Geodatabase[J].,2011,20(02):006.
[10]程立海,唐宏,周廷刚,等.自然灾害强度的评估方法及应用——基于综合灾情指数的研究[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(01):046.
 CHENG Li-hai,TANG Hong,ZHOU Ting-gang,et al.Evaluation method of natural disaster intensity and its application:a research based on comprehensive disaster condition index[J].,2011,20(02):046.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-4-29;改回日期:2021-8-13。
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0803109)
作者简介:郑美霞(1986-),女,助理研究员,硕士,主要从事灾害风险评估研究.E-mail:mxyj7@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01