SHI Manjiang,NING Zhizhong,CAO Qi.Analysis on the demand characteristics of survivors’ needs for restoration and reconstruction after the MS 6.0 earthquake in Changning,Sichuan Province[J].,2022,31(02):056-65.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2022.0206]





Analysis on the demand characteristics of survivors’ needs for restoration and reconstruction after the MS 6.0 earthquake in Changning,Sichuan Province
师满江12 宁志中2 曹琦1
1. 西南科技大学 土木工程与建筑学院, 四川 绵阳 621010;
2. 中国科学院 地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
SHI Manjiang12 NING Zhizhong2 CAO Qi1
1. School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, China;
2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
post-disaster reconstructionpost-disaster needs assessmentMaslow’s demand theoryrecovery and reconstruction needsSichuan Changning earthquake
The characteristics of survivor’s needs is an important basis for policy and planning of post-earthquake recovery and reconstruction. Taking Changning suffered by MS6.0 earthquake as an example,referring to theory of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and the international method of post-disaster need assessment,we analyzed the characteristics of survivor’s needs for recovery and reconstruction after earthquake by constructing an index system and puts forward optimization suggestions for post-disaster recovery and reconstruction. The main conclusions are as follows:(1)the survivor’s needs of recovery and reconstruction is an "urgent" degree,but the great differences are existed in differences families,individuals and communities.(2)The demand priority generally presents the characteristics of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. The priority of survivor’s needs is high in the period of transitional resettlement and initial recovery and reconstruction. While,the priority of survivor’s needs is low in the period of the medium and long term.(3)In order to gather the commonalities of survivor’s post-disaster reconstruction needs,it is recommended to carry out post-disaster recovery and reconstruction planning at the community/village level. In order to enhance the survivor’s confidence in restoring and rebuilding,the government should increase the guarantee policy for the vulnerable groups in rural areas of the disaster area. This study constructs a set of index system for needs assessment of post-disaster recovery and reconstruction,which enriches the theoretical basis for needs assessment of post-disaster recovery and reconstruction.


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