[1]凡姚申,窦身堂,裴洪杨,等.大河三角洲侵蚀灾害与应对策略研究进展[J].自然灾害学报,2022,31(02):012-25.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2022.0202]
 FAN Yaoshen,DOU Shentang,PEI Hongyang,et al.Research progress of erosion hazards and coping strategies in mega deltas[J].,2022,31(02):012-25.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2022.0202]
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大河三角洲侵蚀灾害与应对策略研究进展
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
31
期数:
2022年02期
页码:
012-25
栏目:
出版日期:
2022-04-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research progress of erosion hazards and coping strategies in mega deltas
作者:
凡姚申1 窦身堂1 裴洪杨2 于守兵1 韩香举3 陈沈良3
1. 黄河水利科学研究院 水利部黄河下游河道与河口治理重点实验室, 河南 郑州 450003;
2. 西安理工大学 水利水电学院, 陕西 西安 710048;
3. 华东师范大学河口海岸学国家重点实验室, 上海 200241
Author(s):
FAN Yaoshen1 DOU Shentang1 PEI Hongyang2 YU Shoubing1 HAN Xiangju3 CHEN Shenliang3
1 Key Laboratory of Lower Yellow River Channel and Estuary Regulation of MWR, Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research, Zhengzhou 450003, China;
2. College of Water Resources and Hydropower, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China;
3. State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
关键词:
大河三角洲侵蚀灾害应对策略致灾因子侵蚀防护
Keywords:
mega deltaserosion hazardscoping strategieshazard causing factorserosion protection
分类号:
TV122;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2022.0202
摘要:
大河三角洲具有重要的社会经济和生态环境价值,受到学界的普遍关注。部分大河三角洲侵蚀已造成了严重的土地流失,损毁了道路、房屋、沿岸工程等设施,带来巨大的社会经济损失,已经从单纯的自然变异过程上升为一种灾害。通过梳理和总结现有研究成果,系统总结了世界上主要大河三角洲的侵蚀状况,在充分认识三角洲发育和演变受多因素制约的基础上,从自然环境影响和人类活动干预两大方面,科学界定了三角洲侵蚀灾害的致灾因子。在综合分析侵蚀灾害监测与评价发展过程的基础上,从海岸堤防工程、生态与绿色海堤工程、泥沙补给工程等视角详细阐释了目前三角洲侵蚀灾害防护研究的相关主题、发展脉络和主要论点。最后分析现有研究的不足,展望未来研究趋向,为今后大河三角洲侵蚀灾害与应对策略研究提供思路与参考。
Abstract:
The mega delta is vital in providing socio-economic resources and ecosystem services and has been widely concerned. Some river delta erosion has provoked land loss,damaged roads,houses and coastal projects,which brought huge social and economic losses. It has risen from a simple natural variation process to a hazard. Through summarizing the existing research results and understanding the evolution of the delta,this paper systematically summarized the hazard situation of the major delta in the world,and scientifically defined the causing factors of erosion hazard from natural and the human components. Understanding the development of the hazard monitoring and evaluation,the related topics,development context and main arguments of current research on erosion protection are explained in detail,from the dike engineering,ecological engineering and sediment supply engineering. Finally,the existing deficiencies and future research direction are analyzed and proposed. This study provides new ideas for future research on erosion hazards and coping strategies of mega deltas.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-7-16;改回日期:2022-1-7。
基金项目:国家自然基金委-山东联合基金重点支持项目(U1706214);国家自然基金委面上项目(52079056);黄河水利科学研究院基本科研业务费专项项目(HKY-JBYW-2020-06,HKY-JBYW-2020-11)
作者简介:凡姚申(1989-),男,工程师,博士,主要从事河口海岸侵蚀灾害研究.E-mail:fysmyself@126.com
通讯作者:陈沈良(1964-),男,教授,博士,主要从事三角洲脆弱性和侵蚀防护研究.E-mail:slchen@sklec.ecnu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01