FAN Yaoshen,DOU Shentang,PEI Hongyang,et al.Research progress of erosion hazards and coping strategies in mega deltas[J].,2022,31(02):012-25.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2022.0202]





Research progress of erosion hazards and coping strategies in mega deltas
凡姚申1 窦身堂1 裴洪杨2 于守兵1 韩香举3 陈沈良3
1. 黄河水利科学研究院 水利部黄河下游河道与河口治理重点实验室, 河南 郑州 450003;
2. 西安理工大学 水利水电学院, 陕西 西安 710048;
3. 华东师范大学河口海岸学国家重点实验室, 上海 200241
FAN Yaoshen1 DOU Shentang1 PEI Hongyang2 YU Shoubing1 HAN Xiangju3 CHEN Shenliang3
1 Key Laboratory of Lower Yellow River Channel and Estuary Regulation of MWR, Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research, Zhengzhou 450003, China;
2. College of Water Resources and Hydropower, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China;
3. State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
mega deltaserosion hazardscoping strategieshazard causing factorserosion protection
The mega delta is vital in providing socio-economic resources and ecosystem services and has been widely concerned. Some river delta erosion has provoked land loss,damaged roads,houses and coastal projects,which brought huge social and economic losses. It has risen from a simple natural variation process to a hazard. Through summarizing the existing research results and understanding the evolution of the delta,this paper systematically summarized the hazard situation of the major delta in the world,and scientifically defined the causing factors of erosion hazard from natural and the human components. Understanding the development of the hazard monitoring and evaluation,the related topics,development context and main arguments of current research on erosion protection are explained in detail,from the dike engineering,ecological engineering and sediment supply engineering. Finally,the existing deficiencies and future research direction are analyzed and proposed. This study provides new ideas for future research on erosion hazards and coping strategies of mega deltas.


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