[1]刘磊,赵东升,朱瑜,等.1993-2017年我国大陆地震灾害损失的时空特征[J].自然灾害学报,2021,30(03):014-23.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2021.0302]
 LIU Lei,ZHAO Dongsheng,ZHU Yu,et al.Spatiotemporal characteristics of earthquake hazard losses in mainland China during 1993-2017[J].,2021,30(03):014-23.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2021.0302]
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1993-2017年我国大陆地震灾害损失的时空特征
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
30
期数:
2021年03期
页码:
014-23
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-06-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatiotemporal characteristics of earthquake hazard losses in mainland China during 1993-2017
作者:
刘磊12 赵东升1 朱瑜12 郑度1
1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101;
2. 中国科学院大学 资源与环境学院, 北京 100049
Author(s):
LIU Lei12 ZHAO Dongsheng1 ZHU Yu12 ZHENG Du1
1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
地震灾害损失时间变化空间分布热点分析中国大陆
Keywords:
earthquake hazard lossestemporal variationspatial distributionhotpoint analysismainland China
分类号:
P954;X4
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2021.0302
摘要:
地震灾害给我国人民造成了巨大的生命和财产损失。为揭示我国大陆地震灾害损失的时间变化和空间分布特征,对我国大陆1993-2017年的地震灾害进行了整理分析。结果表明:(1)该时期内我国大陆共发生成灾地震299次,造成7.4万人死亡,47.4万人受伤,直接经济损失1.1万亿元;(2)该时期内我国大陆地震灾害发生的热点位于云南省、四川省及新疆西部;地震灾害损失的热点与成灾地震发生地的热点有所不同,死亡人口、受伤人口及直接经济损失的热点均位于四川省;(3)重灾地震(死亡人数超过50人的地震)对该时期内我国震害损失起决定性作用,云南省重灾地震发震次数最多,四川省震害损失最大;小震大灾在我国东西部均有发生,但以云南省为最;东部小震大灾多造成严重的直接经济损失,而西部小震大灾人员伤亡突出。
Abstract:
The earthquake has caused huge losses to the lives and property of Chinese people. The spatiotemporal characteristics of earthquake hazard losses are different from earthquake activities in mainland China, but there are few studies focused on the spatiotemporal variation of earthquake losses. In this study, data on earthquake losses in mainland China from 1993 to 2017 were collected to analyze its spatiotemporal characteristics. 299 earthquake hazards have been recorded during this period, which caused 0.74 million dead, 4.73 million injured, and 1.1 trillion RMB direct economic loss. Earthquake hazards were much more serious in the western part of mainland China than in the eastern part, with the hot points where earthquake hazards took place locating in Yunnan, Sichuan, and the west part of Xinjiang provinces. However, the hot point locations of earthquake hazard losses were different from that where they took place:the hot points of life losses, injured people and direct economic losses all located in Sichuan province. Earthquake hazards which cost more than 50 life losses were crucial to mainland China’s earthquake losses. These catastrophes struck Yunnan province the most and made Sichuan province suffer the severest losses. Earthquake of low magnitude but huge damage occurred across mainland China, but Yunnan province experienced the most. Moreover, these earthquake hazards mainly cost direct economic loss in the eastern part of China but cost more life and injure in the western part of China.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-09-30;改回日期:2020-12-24。
基金项目:中国科学院战略性先导科技专项"地球大数据科学工程"(XDA19040304);国家重点研发计划"大都市区多灾种重大自然灾害风险综合防范关键技术研究与示范"(2017YFC1503003)
作者简介:刘磊(1989-),男,博士研究生,主要从事综合自然地理研究.E-mail:liul.17b@igsnrr.ac.cn
通讯作者:赵东升(1978-),男,副研究员,主要从事气候变化的影响及适应研究.E-mail:zhaods@igsnrr.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01