[1]吴佳亮,马超,王锐,等.基于树木地貌法重建山洪泥石流历史事件——以北京密云区龙潭沟流域为例[J].自然灾害学报,2021,30(01):183-190.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2021.0119]
 WU Jialiang,MA Chao,WANG Rui,et al.Reconstruction of torrent and debris flow events based on dendrogeomorphology——A case study of Longtangou basin in Miyun District, Beijing[J].,2021,30(01):183-190.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2021.0119]
点击复制

基于树木地貌法重建山洪泥石流历史事件——以北京密云区龙潭沟流域为例
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
30
期数:
2021年01期
页码:
183-190
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Reconstruction of torrent and debris flow events based on dendrogeomorphology——A case study of Longtangou basin in Miyun District, Beijing
作者:
吴佳亮 马超 王锐 王丽娟 苗绿
北京林业大学 水土保持学院, 北京 100083
Author(s):
WU Jialiang MA Chao WANG Rui WANG Lijuan MIAO Lv
School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
树木地貌法山洪及泥石流阔叶树生长扰动龙潭沟流域
Keywords:
dendrogeomorphologytorrent and debris flowbroad-leaved treegrowth disturbanceLongtangou basin
分类号:
P642;X43
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2021.0119
摘要:
认识区域山洪泥石流活动史是预测未来气候变化背景下灾害发展趋势的基础。利用树轮中的生长干扰信息,可以对未知山洪泥石流历史事件准确定年。本文以北京市密云区龙潭沟流域的曹庄子沟和合峪沟两条泥石流沟为研究对象,利用树木地貌学方法,在已知灾害年基础上获取阔叶树杨树的树轮生长扰动百分比,再重建未知灾害年并进行验证。结果表明:树轮对灾害的响应要滞后一年;2011年曹庄子沟的山洪导致该沟流通区、左岸、右岸和堆积区的树轮生长扰动百分比分别为-30.59%、43.78%、43.47%、-30.44%;2016年曹庄子沟的泥石流导致该沟四个分区的树轮生长扰动百分比分别为-46.08%、-45.15%、-46.64%、-37.32%。根据上述结果,推求并验证了曹庄子沟其他灾害年为2002、2013年,合峪沟灾害年为1997、2002、2011、2013、2016年。研究区1997、2002、2011、2013、2016年的响应树比例分别为35.42%、66.07%、46.43%、32.14%、58.93%,利用响应树比例能够区分灾害严重年份和次严重年份。2010年至今,该流域山洪及泥石流灾害活动频数有所增大,未来该流域再发生山洪泥石流灾害可能性仍较大。
Abstract:
Knowledge of historical debris flows are fundamental for prediction and warning in the background of climate change. Some unknown events can be determined by the abnormal tree ring records. This research uses dendrogemorohology to reconstruct debris flows on basis of the tree ring growth disturbance of broad-leaved tree. The tree ring samples were analyzed in the Caozhuangzi (CZZ) and Heyu (HY) watershed of Longtangou basin, Miyun county, Beijing. The result shows that the tree-ring abnormality delays one year to torrent and debris flow event. In CCZ watershed, the disturbance ratios at the site of transportation area, left bank, right bank and depositional area were -30.59%, 43.78%, 43.47%, -30.44% after the torrent in 2011 and -46.08%, -45.15%, -46.64%, -37.32% after the debris flow in 2016. Therefore, the year of 2002 and 2013 in CCZ and the 1997, 2002, 2011, 2013 and 2016 in HY could be deemed as reconstructed events.The disturbance ratio in the study area in 1997, 2002, 2011, 2013, and 2016 were 35.42%, 66.07%, 46.43%, 32.14%, and 58.93%, respectively;and can distinguish between severe and sub-severe disaster years.Additionally, the debris flow activity in the two watersheds seems to increase since 2010 and increasing debris flow potential exists in future.

参考文献/References:

[1] 王秀丽, 唐亚.树木地貌学在地质灾害研究中的应用[J].山地学报, 2014, 32(6):761-768. WANG Xiuli, TANG Ya.Application of dendrogeomorphology in the research of geological disasters[J].Mountain Research, 2014, 32(6):761-768.(in Chinese)
[2] 王棒.树木年代学在灾害研究中的应用[D].北京林业大学, 2006. WANG Bang.Application of Dendrochronology to the Disaster Study[D].Beijing Forestry University, 2006. (in Chinese)
[3] 洪婷, 白世彪, 王建, 等.利用树轮重建九房山滑坡活动年份[J].山地学报, 2012, 30(1):57-64. HONG Ting, BAI Shibiao, WANG Jian, et al.Reconstruct the activity years of Jiufangshan landslide by means of tree-rings[J].Mountain Research, 2012, 30(1):57-64.(in Chinese)
[4] Bollschweiler M, Stoffel M, Ehmisch M, et al.Reconstructing spatio-temporal patterns of debris-flow activity using dendrogeomorphological methods[J].Geomorphology, 2006, 87(4):337-35.
[5] ?lhán K, Pánek T, Hradeckv J, et al.Tree-age control on reconstructed debris-flow frequencies:examples from a regional dendrogeomorphic reconstruction in the Crimean Mountains[J].Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2015, 40(2):243-251.
[6] 朱兴华, 庄建琦, 刘铁铭, 等.西安市户县教场沟泥石流发育特征及危险性分析[J].自然灾害学报, 2016, 25(6):27-33. ZHU Xinghua, ZHUANG Jianqi, LIU Tieming, et al. Developmental characteristics and hazard analysis of debris flow in Jiaochang Gully of Huxian County, Xi’an City[J].Journal of Natural Disasters, 2016, 25(6):27-33.(in Chinese)
[7] 赵海鑫, 游勇, 姚令侃, 等.泥石流最大爬高计算的试验研究[J].自然灾害学报, 2017, 26(1):11-18. ZHAO Haixin, YOU Yong, YAO Lingkan, et al.Experimental study on calculation of maximum climbing of debris flow[J].Journal of Natural Disasters, 2017, 26(1):11-18.(in Chinese)
[8] 詹美强, 葛永刚, 郭晓军, 等.不同密实度条件下泥石流沟侧岸堆积体破坏过程研究[J].自然灾害学报, 2019, 28(5):143-151. ZHAN Meiqiang, GE Yonggang, GUO Xiaojun, et al.Experimental study on failure process of lateral bank deposition debris flow gully with different conditions of compactness[J].Journal of Natural Disasters, 2019, 28(5):143-151.(in Chinese)
[9] 聂银瓶, 李秀珍.基于Flow-R模型的八一沟泥石流危险性评价[J].自然灾害学报, 2019, 28(1):156-164. NIE Yinping, LI Xiuzhen. Hazard assessment of Bayi Gully debris flow based on Flow-R model[J].Journal of Natural Disasters, 2019, 28(1):156-164.(in Chinese)
[10] 舒和平, 齐识, 宁娜, 等.甘肃省南部武都区泥石流灾害风险评价研究[J].自然灾害学报, 2016, 25(6):34-41. SHU Heping, QI Shi, NING Na, et al.Risk assessment of debris flow disaster:a case study of Wudu District in the south of Gansu Province, China[J].Journal of Natural Disasters, 2016, 25(6):34-41.(in Chinese)
[11] 赵祥, 李长春, 苏娜.滑坡泥石流的多源遥感提取方法[J].自然灾害学报, 2009, 18(6):29-32. ZHAO Xiang, LI Changchun, SU Na.Extraction of landslide/debris flow information based on multi-source remote sensing data[J].Journal of Natural Disasters, 2009, 18(6):29-32.(in Chinese)
[12] 铁永波, Ireneusz Malik, Piotr Owczarek.树木年代学在高寒山区泥石流历史事件重建中的应用-以磨西河流域倒灶沟为例[J].山地学报, 2014, 32(2):226-232. TIE Yongbo, Malik I, Owczarek P.Dendrochronological dating of debris flow historical events in high mountain area-taking Daozao debris flow as an example[J].Mountain Research, 2014, 32(2):226-232.(in Chinese)
[13] Stefanini M C.Spatio-temporal analysis of a complex landslide in the Northern Apennines (Italy) by means of dendrochronology[J].Geomorphology, 2004, 63(3):191-202.
[14] Fantucci R, McCord A.Reconstruction of landslide dynamic with dendrochronological methods[J]. Dendrochronologia, 1995, 13:43-58.
[15] Fantucci R, Sorriso-Valvo M.Dendrogeomorphological analysis of a slope near Lago, Calabria (Italy)[J]. Geomorphology, 1999, 30(1-2):165-174.
[16] Bryant C L, Butler D R, Vitek J D.A statistical analysis of tree-ring dating in conjunction with snow avalanches:Comparison of on-path versus off-path responses[J].Environmental Geology and Water Sciences, 1989, 14(1):53-59.
[17] Mundo I A, Barrera M D, Roig F A.Testing the utility of Nothofagus pumilio for dating a snow avalanche in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina[J].Dendrochronologia, 2007, 25(1):19-28.
[18] Decaulne A, Saemundsson T.Dendrogeomorphology as a tool to unravel snow-avalanche activity:Preliminary results from the Fnjóskadalur test site, Northern Iceland[J].Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift Norwegian Journal of Geography, 2008, 62(2):55-65.
[19] 涂剑.密云区龙潭沟流域泥石流沟道特征分析及其危险度计算[D].北京林业大学, 2017. TU Jian.Characteristics and Hazard Evaluating of Debris Flow Gullies in Miyun Longtangou Watershed[D].Beijing Forestry University, 2017.(in Chinese)
[20] Robinson W J, Cook E R, Kairiukstis L A, et al. Some historical background on dendrochronology[M]. Dordrecht:Springer, 1990.
[21] Holmes RL.Computer assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement[J].Tree-Ring Bulletin, 1983, 43:69-78.
[22] Arbellay E, Stoffel M, Bollschweiler M. Dendrogeomorphic reconstruction of past debris-flow activity using injured broad-leaved trees[J].Earth Surface Processes & Landforms, 2010, 35(4):399-406.
[23] MA Chao, WANG Yujie, Du Cui, et al.Variation in initiation condition of debris flows in the mountain regions surrounding Beijing[J].Geomorphology, 2016, 273(15):323-334.
[24] LI Yaoming, MA Chao, WANG Yujie. Landslides and debris flows caused by an extreme rainstorm on 21 July 2012 in mountains near Beijing, China[J].Bulletin of Engineering Geology & the Environment, 2019, 78(2):1265-1280.
[25] MA Chao, DENG Jiayong, WANG Rui.Analysis of the triggering conditions and erosion of a runoff-triggered debris flow in Miyun County, Beijing, China[J].Landslides, 2018, 15(12):2475-2485.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-04-22;改回日期:2020-09-08。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41702369);北京市科技计划课题(Z191100001419015);北京林业大学储备项目(2018BLCB03)
作者简介:吴佳亮(1996-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事树木地貌法重建灾害史研究.E-mail:409343827@qq.com
通讯作者:马超(1986-),男,副教授,主要从事山地灾害成灾动力学等方面的研究.E-mail:sanguoxumei@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01