[1]杜若华,刘雷震,沈秋,等.基于夜间灯光数据的灾后恢复重建动态监测——以鲁甸地震为例[J].自然灾害学报,2020,29(06):059-69.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0607]
 DU Ruohua,LIU Leizhen,SHEN Qiu,et al.Dynamic monitoring for post-disaster recovery and reconstruction based on night light data——A case study on Ludian earthquake[J].,2020,29(06):059-69.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0607]
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基于夜间灯光数据的灾后恢复重建动态监测——以鲁甸地震为例
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
29
期数:
2020年06期
页码:
059-69
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-12-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Dynamic monitoring for post-disaster recovery and reconstruction based on night light data——A case study on Ludian earthquake
作者:
杜若华123 刘雷震123 沈秋3 田丰3 陈梦3 武建军123
1. 遥感科学国家重点实验室, 北京师范大学 地理科学学部, 北京 100875;
2. 环境遥感与数字城市北京市重点实验室, 北京师范大学 地理科学学部, 北京 100875;
3. 北京师范大学 地理科学学部, 北京 100875
Author(s):
DU Ruohua123 LIU Leizhen123 SHEN Qiu3 TIAN Feng3 CHEN Meng3 WU Jianjun123
1. State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
2. Beijing Key Laboratory for Remote Sensing of Environment and Digital Cities, Faculty of Geographical Science, Bejing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
3. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
关键词:
夜间灯光遥感恢复重建人类活动鲁甸地震
Keywords:
night lightsremote sensingrestoration and reconstructionhuman activitiesLudian Earthquake
分类号:
X43;X9;P954
DOI:
10.13577/j.jnd.2020.0607
摘要:
持续监测与评估地震灾后影响及恢复重建过程,对地震灾害恢复决策和御灾减灾措施的制定具有重要的科学指导意义。本文以2014年8月鲁甸地震为例,基于2013-2019年NPP/VⅡRS(National Polar-Orbiting Partnership’s Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite)夜间灯光月数据及社会经济统计等数据,分析了灾区夜间灯光数据时空变化特征,探讨了灾区夜间灯光数据对恢复重建过程的响应。结果表明:夜间灯光数据可以精细监测城镇化水平低、居住分散且规模小的区域内部的灾后恢复重建过程,可以实现灾后临时安置点建设、房屋恢复重建、基础设施建设等过程监测;灾区灯光强度与区域生产力变化趋势较为一致,能在一定程度上体现经济活动的变化。
Abstract:
The impacts and reconstruction process for post-earthquake need to be monitored continuously and assessed quantitively, which is of great significance to the reconstruction decision of post-earthquake, and produces an important scientific guiding meaning for the formulation of disaster prevention and mitigation measures. In this study, Ludian Earthquake in August 2014 was set as an example, the spatiotemporal changes of night lights in the affected area was analyzed based on the data of local socioeconomic statistics yearbook and NPP/VⅡRS(National Polar-Orbiting Partnership’s Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite)night light dataset, the night light data with a temporal resolution of monthly, and its response to the reconstruction process was also explored subsequently. Results showed that Night Light data could accurately detect the post-disaster recovery and reconstruction process in the areas where urbanization level was low, and living was scattered with a small scale. And it could be applied effectively to monitor the process of post-disaster temporary settlement, and the reconstruction of house and infrastructure, etc. In addition, Night Light index in the affected area was consistent with the change trend of regional productivity, which further revealed that it could reflect the economic activities of post-earthquake to a certain extent.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-05-13;改回日期:2020-07-31。
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFB0504102);国家自然科学基金项目(4167142)
作者简介:杜若华(1997-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事地震灾害损失评估与恢复评价等方面的研究.E-mail:201921051072@mail.bnu.edu.cn.
通讯作者:武建军(1971-),男,教授,博士,主要从事农业干旱评估与重特大灾害应急响应等方面的研究.E-mail:jjwu@bnu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01