[1]胡卓玮,王志恒,魏铼,等.基于RS与GIS混合编程的公路水毁灾情信息提取[J].自然灾害学报,2013,22(01):094-101.
 HU Zhuowei,WANG Zhiheng,WEI Lai,et al.Road flooding information extraction based on mixed programming of remote sensing and geographic information system[J].,2013,22(01):094-101.
点击复制

基于RS与GIS混合编程的公路水毁灾情信息提取
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
22
期数:
2013年01期
页码:
094-101
栏目:
出版日期:
2013-07-18

文章信息/Info

Title:
Road flooding information extraction based on mixed programming of remote sensing and geographic information system
作者:
胡卓玮123 王志恒4 魏铼123 刘洪岐5
1. 首都师范大学 资源环境与旅游学院,北京 100048;
2. 资源环境与地理信息系统北京市重点实验室,北京 100048;
3. 三维信息获取与应用教育部重点实验室,北京 100048;
4. 天津城建大学, 天津 300384;
5. 中测新图(北京)遥感技术有限责任公司,北京 100039
Author(s):
HU Zhuowei123 WANG Zhiheng4 WEI Lai123 LIU Hongqi5
1. College of Resources Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Resources Environment and GIS of Beijing Municipality,Beijing 100048, China;
3. Laboratory of 3D Information Acquisition and Application, MOE, Beijing 100048, China;
4. Tianjin Institute of Urban Construction, Tianjin 300384, China;
5. China TopRS Technology Co. Ltd., Beijing 100039, China
关键词:
公路水毁信息提取混合编程遥感地理信息系统
Keywords:
road floodinginformation extractionmixed programmingremote sensinggeographic information system
分类号:
TP751.1
摘要:
研究了基于高分辨率卫星遥感影像的公路水毁灾情信息提取模型,通过解决跨软件环境的开发问题,实现了基于遥感与地理信息系统混合编程的公路水毁灾情信息提取系统。使用高分辨率卫星遥感数据形成融合数据,通过分析融合图像的光谱、几何、纹理特征,建立了公路信息提取规则,构建了面向对象的公路信息提取模型。根据水在近红外和中红外波长范围内反射率极低的特性,同时考虑不同环境背景造成的信息提取复杂性,研究了具有自适应特点的水面提取模型。通过建立组件式地理信息系统和遥感应用环境之间的通信和数据共享机制,实现了模型运行的交互式用户界面,并提供叠置空间分析功能,从灾后公路边界提取结果中去除水面部分,获得公路水毁信息。实际应用表明,系统可以满足相关工作对公路水毁灾情信息提取技术的要求。
Abstract:
In this study, a road flooding information extraction model based on high resolution satellite remote sensing imagery was researched. A road flooding information extraction system was developed through the realization of inter-programming among different software environments by combining remote sensing and geographic information system technologies. First, road information extraction rules were built by analyzing spectral, geometrical and textural characteristics of fused image, which can be generated from original high resolution multi-spectral satellite remote sensing imagery. The rules were utilized to make an object-oriented road information extraction model. Second, with the knowledge of pure water’s very low reflecting rate in near and mid-infrared electromagnetic wave band, and considering the complexity caused by different environmental background, an adaptive water information extraction model was built. On above bases, a component-based communication and data sharing mechanism between the application environment of remote sensing and geographic information system was established. An interactive user interface that supports model running was then developed. It can provide a spatial overlap function, extract malfunctioned road from original roads, and apply to systems with specific requirements of road flooding information extraction for correlative works.

相似文献/References:

[1]曾涛,杨武年,黎小东,等.面向对象的高空间分辨率遥感影像信息提取——汶川地震城市震害房屋案例研究[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(05):086.
 ZENG Tao,YANG Wu-nian,LI Xiao-dong,et al.Information extraction of object-oriented high resolution remote sensing image: A Case Study on urban damaged buildings in Wenchuan earthquake[J].,2010,19(01):086.
[2]刘丽,何光春,陈洪凯.新疆315国道公路水毁病害形成机制与治理[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(05):204.
 LIU Li,HE Guang-chun,CHEN Hong-kai.Forming mechanism and control of flood damage of National Highaway 315 in Xinjiang[J].,2011,20(01):204.
[3]何祺胜,塔西甫拉提·特依拜,丁建丽,等.塔里木盆地北缘盐渍地遥感调查及成因分析——以渭干河—库车河三角洲绿洲为例[J].自然灾害学报,2007,16(05):024.
 HE Qi-sheng,Tashpolat Tiyip,DING Jian-li,et al.Remote sensing investigation and cause analysis of saline soils in north of Tarim Basin:taking delta oasis of Weigan and Kuqa rivers for example[J].,2007,16(01):024.
[4]范一大,史培军,李素菊.沙尘灾害遥感监测方法研究与比较[J].自然灾害学报,2007,16(05):160.
 FAN Yi-da,SHI Pei-jun,LI Su-ju.Study and comparisonof methods for sand dust disaster remote sensing monitoring[J].,2007,16(01):160.
[5]马海建,陆楠,李晓璇,等.道路震害快速评估与辅助决策系统[J].自然灾害学报,2014,23(02):226.[doi:1004-4574(2014)02-0226-06]
 MA Haijan,LU Nan,LI Xiaoxuan,et al.System for road damage assessment and transportation decision support[J].,2014,23(01):226.[doi:1004-4574(2014)02-0226-06]
[6]谭庆全,薄涛,罗桂纯,等.遥感图像道路信息提取算法研究现状与地震应急应用[J].自然灾害学报,2015,24(03):052.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0307]
 TAN Qingquan,BO Tao,LUO Guichun,et al.Research status and earthquake emergency application of remote sensing image road information extraction algorithm[J].,2015,24(01):052.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2015.0307]
[7]欧阳华璘,沈敬伟,周廷刚.面向对象分类方法在台风灾害信息提取中的应用研究[J].自然灾害学报,2016,25(06):009.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2016.0602]
 OUYANG Hualin,SHEN Jingwei,ZHOU Tinggang.Application of object-oriented classification method to typhoon disaster information extraction[J].,2016,25(01):009.[doi:10.13577/j.jnd.2016.0602]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-2-29;改回日期:2012-5-8。
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2012BAH33B03, 2012BAH33B05, 2008BAK49B07);交通部科技项目资助 (200831822155)
作者简介:胡卓玮(1979-),男,副教授,博士,主要从事生态环境遥感信息提取与模式识别,环境与灾害风险评价模型研究. E-mail:huzhuowei@gmail.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01