[1]李朝安,胡卸文,王良玮.山区铁路沿线泥石流泥位自动监测预警系统[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(05):074-81.
 LI Chao-an,HU Xie-wen,WANG Liang-wei.Automatic monitoring and early warning system of mud-position of debris flow along railway line in mountainous area[J].,2011,20(05):074-81.
点击复制

山区铁路沿线泥石流泥位自动监测预警系统
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
20
期数:
2011年05期
页码:
074-81
栏目:
出版日期:
2011-07-09

文章信息/Info

Title:
Automatic monitoring and early warning system of mud-position of debris flow along railway line in mountainous area
作者:
李朝安12 胡卸文1 王良玮2
1. 西南交通大学地球科学与环境工程学院, 四川成都610031;
2. 中铁西南科学研究院有限公司, 四川成都610031
Author(s):
LI Chao-an12 HU Xie-wen1 WANG Liang-wei2
1. Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering of Southwest Jiaotong Universty, Chengdu 610031, China;
2. The South-west Research Institute of CREC, Chengdu 610031, China
关键词:
泥石流泥位监测泥位预警阈值自动监测预警系统山区铁路沿线
Keywords:
debris flowmud-position monitoringmud-position early warning thresholdautomatic monitoring and early warning systemalong railway line in mountainous area
分类号:
P343
摘要:
泥位预警是泥石流灾害预警的方法之一,目前主要有接触式和非接触式泥石流泥位报警两种方法。探讨了一种便于安装、适合山区铁路沿线泥石流监测预警的接触式泥位自动监测预警系统的构建及应用方法。首先探讨了泥石流泥位监测系统的工作原理及其软件、硬件的组成,其次探讨了泥位预警阈值确定方法,最后根据现场试验观测情况及所遇到的问题提出了泥位监测系统的应用方法。该泥石流泥位监测预警系统能实现泥山区铁路沿线石流泥位信息数据采集和传输的网络化、实时化、自动化、数字化(可视化),并根据监测信息及时向铁路相关部门发出预警信号。
Abstract:
The early warning technology of mud-position is one of the debris flow early warning methods.At present,there are mainly two kinds of early warning methods:contact type and non-contact type.This paper explores the method of construction and application of the mud—position monitoring and early warning system for mountainous area along railway line.The system is easy to install and suitable for the application of Mountainous debris flow disaster automatic monitoring and alarming.First,the paper explores its working principle,and the composition of software and hardware of the mud-position monitoring system of debris flow.Next,it discusses the method to determine mud-position early warning threshold.At last,according to the situation of field experiments and the problems that we met,we proposed the application method of the mud-position monitoring system.The mud-position monitoring and early warning system for mountainous area along railway line can ensure the information collecting about the mud-position of debris flow,the transmission and display should be networking,real time,automation and visualization.According to the information that they monitored,they are able to send the early warning single to the relevant departments of the railway administration.

参考文献/References:

[1] 腾井义雄,南美哥伦比亚国1985年火山喷发及相关灾害调查[R].日本文部省科学研究项目No.6002050报告(日文)1986.
[2] 李朝安,魏鸿.西南地区泥石流灾害及防灾预警[J].中国地质灾害与防治学报,2004,15(3):34-37.
[3] 戴荣尧等.中国铁路自然灾害及其防治[M].北京:中国铁道出版社,2000:242-246.
[4] [苏] Б.C.斯捷潘诺夫著,孟河请译,泥石流与泥石流体的基本特性和量测方法,科学技术文献出版社重庆分社,1982:60-75.
[5] S.Zhang,Y.Hong,B.Yu,Detecting infrasound emission of debris flow for warning parpose,Proc.of International Symposion on interpraevent 2004-Riva/Trivent,2004,Vll/359-364.
[6] 康志成等.中国泥石流研究[M].科学出版社,2004:200-202.
[7] 师哲等.泥石流监测预报预警系统研究[J].长江科学院院报,2010,27(11):115-119.
[8] 李朝安等.汶川5.12地震公路灾害分析和防治对策[J].自然灾害学报,2009,18(6):97-104.
[9] 华人民共和国国土资源部.DZ/T 0220—2006泥石流灾害防治工程勘查规范[S],北京,中国标准出版社,2006.

相似文献/References:

[1]聂娟,范一大,邓磊,等.山洪灾害雷达遥感灾情评估技术研究与应用[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(03):105.
 NIE Juan,FAN Yi-da,DENG Lei,et al.Research and application of torrential flood loss assessment based on radar remote sensing technology[J].,2010,19(05):105.
[2]刘希林,陈宜娟.泥石流点密度和面密度对区域泥石流危险度的影响——对比研究[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(02):036.
 LIU Xi-lin,CHEN Yi-juan.Influence of debris flow spot and area densities on regional hazardousness of debris flow:a comparative study[J].,2011,20(05):036.
[3]杨成林,陈宁生,李战鲁.汶川地震次生泥石流形成模式与机理[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(03):031.
 YANG Cheng-lin,CHEN Ning-sheng,LI Zhan-lu.Formation mode and mechanism fordebris flow induced by Wenchuan earthquake[J].,2011,20(05):031.
[4]杨月巧,胡俊锋,郗蒙浩.基于灰色关联法的舟曲泥石流灾害影响因素分析[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(03):139.
 YANG Yue-qiao,HU Jun-feng,XI Meng-hao.Analysis of influence factors of debris flow disaster in Zhouqu based on grey relevance method[J].,2011,20(05):139.
[5]李倩,黄勇.新疆天山公路泥石流风险评价研究[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(04):154.
 LI Qian,HUANG Yong.Risk evaluation of debris flow for Tianshan Highway in Xinjiang[J].,2011,20(05):154.
[6]梁专明.新化县水车镇泥石流灾害研究[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(05):032.
 LIANG Zhuan-ming.Study on debris flow disaster in Shuiche Town, Xinhua County[J].,2011,20(05):032.
[7]陈春光,姚令侃,杨庆华,等.基于堰流理论的泥石流堵河模型研究[J].自然灾害学报,2012,21(06):131.
 CHEN Chunguang,YAO Lingkan,YANG Qinghua,et al.Study of river-blocking due to debris flow based on weir flow theory[J].,2012,21(05):131.
[8]耿慧辉,贾景超.都江堰龙池镇三神公泥石流灾害特征[J].自然灾害学报,2012,21(06):136.
 GENG Huihui,JIA Jingchao.Features of Sanshengong debris flow hazard in Longchi Town of Dujiangyan City[J].,2012,21(05):136.
[9]冯杭建,唐小明,周爱国.浙江省泥石流与降雨历时关系研究及应用检验[J].自然灾害学报,2013,22(01):159.
 FENG Hangjian,TANG Xiaoming,ZHOU Aiguo.Study on relationship between rainfall duration and occurrence of debris flow in Zhejiang Province and its application examination[J].,2013,22(05):159.
[10]刘兴荣,董耀刚,王生新,等.成县黄渚镇泥石流形成机理及特征[J].自然灾害学报,2013,22(01):169.
 LIU Xingrong,DONG Yaogang,WANG Shengxin,et al.Formation mechanism and characteristics of debris flows in Huangzhu Town,Chengxian County[J].,2013,22(05):169.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-10-26;改回日期:2011-7-23。
基金项目:科技部科研院所专项技术发展项目‘山区隧道洞口段滑坡(地下水)监测预警系统研究’(2008EG123205);中国铁路工程总公司科学技术发展项目”西南山区铁路沿线泥石流灾害预警研究(2002J19)
作者简介:李朝安(1978- ),男,高级工程师,主要从事地质灾害防治研究.E-mail:lichaoan625@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01