[1]王正旺,庞转棠,张磊,等.长治市大雾气候特征及预报研究[J].自然灾害学报,2009,18(03):079-86.
 WANG Zheng-wang,PANG Zhuan-tang,ZHANG Lei,et al.Characteristics and prediction of heavy fog weather in Changzhi City[J].,2009,18(03):079-86.
点击复制

长治市大雾气候特征及预报研究
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
18
期数:
2009年03期
页码:
079-86
栏目:
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics and prediction of heavy fog weather in Changzhi City
作者:
王正旺1 庞转棠1 张磊1 刘耀文1 郭媛媛2
1. 山西省长治市气象局, 山西 长治 046000;
2. 山西省气象台, 山西 太原 030006
Author(s):
WANG Zheng-wang1 PANG Zhuan-tang1 ZHANG Lei1 LIU Yao-wen1 GUO Yuan-yuan2
1. Changzhi Meteorological Bureau, Changzhi 046000, China;
2. Shanxi Meteorological Observatory, Taiyuan 030006, China
关键词:
大雾气候特征预报模型天气形势
Keywords:
heavy fogclimatic characteristicsprediction modelweather situation
分类号:
P457.7
摘要:
通过对长治市1971-2004年水平能见度<1km的大雾的地理分布特征,及其年际、月际和日变化的统计研究,给出了该市大雾天气的气候背景。根据大雾形成的物理机制,对风场、湿度场、温度场、冷却条件分别进行了分析,建立了大雾综合预测模型。通过98个大雾个例的分析,归类了形成大雾的主要500hPa高空天气形势(纬向环流型、弱西北气流型、槽后西北气流型、弱高内部型)和地面主要气压场(弱高压场、均压场、鞍型场),供大雾灾害预警预报参考。
Abstract:
The background of fog clmiate which horizontal visibility less than 1km in Changzhi City,was explored by researching the geographical distribution of the fog and its yearly,monthly and daily changes from 1971 to 2004.A ccording to the physical mechanism of formation of fog,authors analyzed wind field,humidity field,temperature field and cooling condition,then in tegrated fog pred iction model.With the analysis of 98 examples of fog,we classified the dense fog-forming main 500 hPa high-altitude weather situation (zonal circulation pattern,weak northwest flow pattern,after the trough northwest flow pattern,weak in ternal high pattern) and the main ground pressure field (weak high pressure field,both pressure field,saddle field).The results can give a reference to early warning and forecast of the heavy fog weather.

参考文献/References:

[1] 黄玉仁,沈鹰,黄玉生,等.城市化对西双版纳辐射雾的影响[J].高原气象,2001,20(2):186-190.
[2] 王丽萍,陈小勇,董安祥.中国雾区的分布及其变化[J].地理学报,2005,60(4):689-697.
[3] 傅炳珊,东少静,赵彦厂.大雾消散时间的客观化预报[J].山东气象,2003,23(91):22-24.
[4] 刘德,周国兵,向波,等.重庆雾的天气成因[J].气象科技,2001,32(6):462-466.
[5] 吴洪,柳崇健,邵洁.北京地区大雾形成的分析和预报[J].应用气象学报,2002,11(1):123-127.
[6] 贺皓,吕红,徐红.陕西省大雾的气候特征[J].高原气象,2004,23(3):407-410.
[7] 何友江,朱彬,马力.重庆市冬季雾生消的物理特征[J].南京气象学院学报,2003,26(6):821-827.
[8] 李子华.中国近40年来雾的研究[J].气象学报,2001,59(5):617-621.

相似文献/References:

[1]郭洁,李国平,黄文诗.GPS可降水量与大雾天气关系的初步分析[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(04):142.
 GUO Jie,LI Guo-ping,HUANG Wen-shi.Preliminary analysis of relationship between GPS-based precipitable water vapor and weather with dense fog[J].,2011,20(03):142.
[2]周秀杰,那济海,潘华盛.黑龙江省夏季干旱气候特征及成因分析[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(05):131.
 ZHOU Xiu-jie,NA Ji-hai,PAN Hua-sheng.Climatic characteristics and cause of summer drought in Heilongjiang Province[J].,2011,20(03):131.
[3]梁军,陈联寿,吴士杰,等.影响黄渤海域热带气旋的灾害分析[J].自然灾害学报,2007,16(02):027.
 LIANG Jun,CHEN Lian-shou,WU Shi-jie,et al.Analysis of disaster of tropical cyclone affecting Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea areas[J].,2007,16(03):027.
[4]王正旺,庞转棠,姚彩霞,等.长治市冰雹气候特征及预报研究[J].自然灾害学报,2007,16(02):034.
 WANG Zheng-wang,PANG Zhuan-tang,YAO Cai-xia,et al.Study on characteristic and forecast of hail climate in Changzhi City[J].,2007,16(03):034.
[5]龙余良,金勇根,刘志萍,等.江西省冰雹气候特征及冰雹灾害研究[J].自然灾害学报,2009,18(01):053.
 LONG Yu-liang,JIN Yong-geng,LIU Zhi-ping,et al.Climatic character and dasaster of hail in Jiangxi Provice[J].,2009,18(03):053.
[6]蔡义勇,王宏,余永江.福建省冰雹时空分布与天气气候特征分析[J].自然灾害学报,2009,18(04):043.
 CAI Yi-yong,WANG Hong,YU Yong-jiang.Spatiotemporal distribution and weather characteristics of hail in Fujian Province[J].,2009,18(03):043.
[7]赵春雨,王冀,严晓瑜,等.东北地区冬季降雪的气候特征及其区划[J].自然灾害学报,2009,18(05):029.
 ZHAO Chun-yu,WANG Ji,YAN Xiao-yu,et al.Climatic characteristics and regionalization of winter snowfall in Northeast China[J].,2009,18(03):029.
[8]于成龙,胡海清,刘丹.近43年来小兴安岭及周边地区的气候变化特征[J].自然灾害学报,2005,14(05):055.
 YU Cheng-long,HU Hai-qing,LIU Dan.Features of climatic change in Xiaoxing’an Mountains and its surroundings over the last 43 years[J].,2005,14(03):055.
[9]段炼,陈章.近42年成都地区雷暴的气候统计特征[J].自然灾害学报,2006,15(04):059.
 DUAN Lian,CHEN Zhang.Climatic characteristics of thunderstorms in Chengdu area in the last 42 years[J].,2006,15(03):059.
[10]贾朝阳,郭慕萍,李冬梅,等.山西运城雷暴气候特征[J].自然灾害学报,2006,15(05):038.
 JIA Chao-yang,GUO Mu-ping,LI Dong-mei,et al.Climatic characteristics of thunderstorm in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province[J].,2006,15(03):038.
[11]史军,穆海振,崔林丽.上海大雾气候特征及风险区划研究[J].自然灾害学报,2012,21(03):102.
 SHI Jun,MU Haizhen,CUI Linli.Climatic characteristics and risk regionalization of heavy fog in Shanghai[J].,2012,21(03):102.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2008-5-16;改回日期:2008-11-23。
基金项目:长治市星火科技项目(200605007)
作者简介:王正旺(1955-),男,高级工程师,主要从事天气预报研究.E-mail:wzwpz@tsohu.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01