[1]段炼,陈章.近42年成都地区雷暴的气候统计特征[J].自然灾害学报,2006,15(04):059-64.
 DUAN Lian,CHEN Zhang.Climatic characteristics of thunderstorms in Chengdu area in the last 42 years[J].,2006,15(04):059-64.
点击复制

近42年成都地区雷暴的气候统计特征
分享到:

《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
15
期数:
2006年04期
页码:
059-64
栏目:
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Climatic characteristics of thunderstorms in Chengdu area in the last 42 years
作者:
段炼1 陈章2
1. 中国民航飞行学院, 四川广汉618307;
2. 四川成都市气象局, 四川成都610041
Author(s):
DUAN Lian1 CHEN Zhang2
1. Civil Aviation Flight University of China, Guanghan 618307, China;
2. Chengdu Bureau of Meteorology, Chengdu 610041, China
关键词:
雷暴气候特征小波分析
Keywords:
thunderstormclimatic characteristicswavelet analysis
分类号:
V321.2+26
摘要:
利用成都地区5个测站1959-2000年的雷暴观测资料,通过数理统计和小波分析,研究了成都地区雷暴的气候特征。结果显示:成都地区年雷暴日数较多,年际变化较大,年雷暴日数有减小的变化趋势,每10a雷暴日数减少近4d;成都地区的雷暴有很强的季节性特点,集中出现在4-9月的5个月中,而夏季6,7,8三个月占7成以上;成都地区雷暴初日普遍在4月中旬,终日普遍在10月中旬,雷暴初/终日年际间差异很大。从小波分析结果看,成都、金堂、双流和蒲江4站近42a年来雷暴日数在1982年以前有12a左右的震荡周期,1982年以后表现为6a左右的周期;都江堰的年雷暴日数分布特征和其他4个测站有较大不同,主要表现为15a的震荡周期。
Abstract:
By using the observational data of thunderstorm of five stations in Chengdu during 1959 to 2000, the climatic characteristics of the thunderstorms are studied by means of mathematical statistics and the analysis of wavelets.The results show that the mean annual number of thunderstorm days is comparatively large, and interannual thunderstorm variability is great, the annual number of thunderstorm days has a decreasing trend, the numerical value of decreasing days is about 4 per decade.The obvious seasonal variation of thunderstorm can also be detected, and the period of April to September is the most frequent months for thunderstorm, and over 70% thunde-r storm occurs in the three-month of June, July and August during the summer.The initial thunderstorm in Chengdu is often occurring around the middle ten days of April, the ending date of thunderstorm in Chengdu is commonly around that of October, and the interannual variation in initial and ending thunderstorm dates is great.The results from wave lets analysis show that the variation period of annual number of thunderstorm days at the four stations of Chengdu, Jintang, Shuangliu and Pujiang in the last 42 years is about 12 years before1982, and is about 6 years after 1982; the variation period of thunderstorm climatology in Dujiangyan is 15 years, which is considerably different from the other four stations.

参考文献/References:

[1] 顾震潮.我国雷暴的气候特点[J].地理学报,1978,(1):42-49.
[2] 叶殿秀,张强,邹旭恺.三峡库区雷暴气候变化特征分析[J].长江流域资源与环境,2005,14(3):37-39.
[3] 张美平,敖淑珍,刘翔,李念英.广州白云国际机场近 46年来雷暴气候的统计特征[J].应用气象学报,2004,15(1):66-73.
[4] 施能,鲁建军,朱乾根.东亚冬、夏季风百年强度及其气候变化[J].南京气象学院学报,1996,19(2):168-177.
[5] 秦前清,杨宗凯.实用小波分析[M].西安:西安科技大学出版社,1998.14-53.
[6] 解明恩,张万诚.云南短期气候预测方法和模型[M].北京:气象出版社,2000.239-241.
[7] 廖德春,廖新浩.上海气象参数与太阳活动和ENS0的关系[J].自然灾害学报,2003,12(2):19-21.

相似文献/References:

[1]史军,穆海振,崔林丽.上海大雾气候特征及风险区划研究[J].自然灾害学报,2012,21(03):102.
 SHI Jun,MU Haizhen,CUI Linli.Climatic characteristics and risk regionalization of heavy fog in Shanghai[J].,2012,21(04):102.
[2]高燚,陈汇林,劳小青,等.海南文昌火箭发射场雷电环境分析[J].自然灾害学报,2012,21(04):182.
 GAO Yi,CHEN Huilin,LAO Xiaoqing,et al.Analysis of environmental characteristics of thunderstorm activities at Wenchang Rocket Launching site in Hainan Province[J].,2012,21(04):182.
[3]刘晓东,张其林,冯旭宇,等.内蒙古地区雷暴活动特征分析[J].自然灾害学报,2010,19(02):119.
 LIU Xiao-dong,ZHANG Qi-lin,FENG Xu-yu,et al.Analysis of characteristics of thunderstorm activity in Inner Mongolia[J].,2010,19(04):119.
[4]周秀杰,那济海,潘华盛.黑龙江省夏季干旱气候特征及成因分析[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(05):131.
 ZHOU Xiu-jie,NA Ji-hai,PAN Hua-sheng.Climatic characteristics and cause of summer drought in Heilongjiang Province[J].,2011,20(04):131.
[5]张丽娟,陈红,张金峰,等.黑龙江省雷暴灾害损失风险评估与区划[J].自然灾害学报,2011,20(06):117.
 ZHANG Li-juan,CHEN Hong,ZHANG Jin-feng,et al.Risk assessment and zoning of thunderstorm loss in Heilongjiang Province[J].,2011,20(04):117.
[6]梁军,陈联寿,吴士杰,等.影响黄渤海域热带气旋的灾害分析[J].自然灾害学报,2007,16(02):027.
 LIANG Jun,CHEN Lian-shou,WU Shi-jie,et al.Analysis of disaster of tropical cyclone affecting Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea areas[J].,2007,16(04):027.
[7]王正旺,庞转棠,姚彩霞,等.长治市冰雹气候特征及预报研究[J].自然灾害学报,2007,16(02):034.
 WANG Zheng-wang,PANG Zhuan-tang,YAO Cai-xia,et al.Study on characteristic and forecast of hail climate in Changzhi City[J].,2007,16(04):034.
[8]孟英杰,汪金福,袁业畅.湖北省雷电灾害及其防御对策[J].自然灾害学报,2008,17(02):144.
 MENG Ying-jie,WANG Jin-fu,YUAN Ye-chang.Thunderstroke disasters in Hubei Province and its defensive measures[J].,2008,17(04):144.
[9]龙余良,金勇根,刘志萍,等.江西省冰雹气候特征及冰雹灾害研究[J].自然灾害学报,2009,18(01):053.
 LONG Yu-liang,JIN Yong-geng,LIU Zhi-ping,et al.Climatic character and dasaster of hail in Jiangxi Provice[J].,2009,18(04):053.
[10]贾朝阳,王盘兴,李丽平,等.山西省夏季雷暴的区域性及影响因子分析[J].自然灾害学报,2009,18(02):107.
 JIA Chao-yang,WANG Pan-xing,LI-Liping,et al.Regional characteristics and impact factors of summer thunderstorm in Shanxi Province[J].,2009,18(04):107.
[11]贾朝阳,郭慕萍,李冬梅,等.山西运城雷暴气候特征[J].自然灾害学报,2006,15(05):038.
 JIA Chao-yang,GUO Mu-ping,LI Dong-mei,et al.Climatic characteristics of thunderstorm in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province[J].,2006,15(04):038.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2006-1-16;改回日期:2006-6-10。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(60472126)
作者简介:段炼(1968- ),男,四川蓬安人,讲师,主要从事飞行环境研究.
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01