[1]李生宇,雷加强,徐新文,等.塔克拉玛干沙漠腹地沙尘暴特征——以塔中地区为例[J].自然灾害学报,2006,15(02):014-19.
 LI Sheng-yu,LEI Jia-qiang,XU Xin-wen,et al.Features of sandstorms in hinterland of Taklimakan Desert:a case of Tazhong area[J].,2006,15(02):014-19.
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塔克拉玛干沙漠腹地沙尘暴特征——以塔中地区为例
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《自然灾害学报》[ISSN:/CN:23-1324/X]

卷:
15
期数:
2006年02期
页码:
014-19
栏目:
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Features of sandstorms in hinterland of Taklimakan Desert:a case of Tazhong area
作者:
李生宇123 雷加强1 徐新文1 王德13 王鲁海1 黎跃东4
1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 新疆乌鲁木齐830011;
2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京100101;
3. 中国科学院研究生院 北京100039;
4. 中国石油天然气股份公司塔里木石油分公司 新疆库尔勒841000
Author(s):
LI Sheng-yu123 LEI Jia-qiang1 XU Xin-wen1 WANG De13 WANG Lu-hai1 LI Yue-dong4
1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China;
2. Institute of Geographical Sciences and NaturalResources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
3. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100039, China;
4. Tarim Branch of Chinese National Petroleum and Gas Corporation, Kuler 841000, China
关键词:
沙尘暴塔克拉玛干沙漠强度类型时间变化
Keywords:
sandstormTaklimakan Desertintensitytypetemporal variation
分类号:
P445+.4
摘要:
塔克拉玛干沙漠是中国油气开发的重要区域,沙尘暴是该区域重要的灾害性天气,但以往相关的研究很少.为了了解塔克拉玛干沙漠腹地沙尘暴的发生规律,利用塔中气象站1997-2002年的气象资料,对塔中地区沙尘暴的强度、过程、类型和时间变化等特征进行了分析.研究结果表明:(1)塔中年平均沙尘暴日数为16.83d,较沙漠北缘的轮台和沙漠南缘的民丰、和田为多,体现出沙尘源对沙尘暴发生的影响;(2)沙尘暴发生之前出现明显的风速突然降低和风向转换;(3)同塔里木盆地其它区域一样,塔中沙尘暴也可分为5种类型,其主导类型为冷空气东灌型;(4)沙尘暴时间变化规律明显,且从20世纪90年代至21世纪初,塔中沙尘暴日数与持时明显下降,同全疆的变化趋势一致.
Abstract:
Taklimkan Desert is a hot area of Chinese petroleum exploration nowadays.Sandstorm is a major disaster in this area.For clearly understanding the law of sandstorm occurrence in the hinterland of Taklim kan Desert,this article analyses the intensity,process,types and temporal variation of sandstorm based on the meteorology data of Tazhong Meteorological Station from 1997 to 2002.The results are as follows:(1)The annual average days with sandstorms in Tazhong is 16.83d,is higher than Luntai,Minfeng and Hotan in the north and south fringe of Taklimakan Desert respectively;this phenom enon indicates that dust source is an influence factor of sandstorm occurrence in Taklimakan Desert;(2)There is a special stage with abrup twind speed decline and wind direction turning before sandstorm occurrence;(3)Like in the fringe of Taklimkan Desert,the sandstorms in Tazhong can also be classified into five types,the type of eastern cold air mass invasion is a predominating one;(4)Sandstorm in Tazhong have a clear temporal variation and there is a clear trend to decline from 1990’s to beginning of 21 century corresponding with all stations in Xinjiang.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2005-12-10;改回日期:2006-1-18。
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX3-SW-342);西部开发科技行动项目(2005BA901A21);中国科学院“西部之光”人才培养计划资助项目(20052118)
作者简介:李生宇(1975- ),男,河北宣化人,助理研究员,博士,主要从事风沙地貌和荒漠化防治研究.
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01